Tuesday, February 15, 2011

day 43: three types of sentences

Most second graders learn about three types of sentences—the declarative, interrogative, and exclamatory. Children do not have a lot of trouble with the three types of sentences—it is relatively easy to discover the difference between a statement (or declarative sentence) and a question (or interrogative sentence), etc.

Again, the problem most writers (of all ages) have is not determining what the ending punctuation should be for a sentence or determining if a sentence should begin with a capital letter or not. The real difficulty lies in determining whether a group of words is a sentence or not a sentence. We will examine that more closely as the month progresses.

For today, we will introduce the three types of sentence first learned in grade school.

1. A declarative sentence is a statement.

            a. It declares (tell or state) something.

            b. It ends with a period.

            c. It is sometimes called a telling sentence.

 2. An interrogative sentence is a question.

            a. It asks a question. (To interrogate someone is to ask him a
lot of questions.)

            b. It ends with a question mark.

            c. It is sometimes called an asking sentence or a question.

3. An exclamatory sentence is an excited sentence.

            a. It is used to show strong emotion or excitement.

            b. It ends with an exclamation point (or excited mark!).

            c. It is sometimes called on excited sentence.


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